Stress, an Erratic Invader – Top Health Prevention Tips in Understanding It

  • September 23, 2022
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Stress (psychology), is a state of emotional and physiological (body function) provocation that people experience in situations they consider as too difficult or threatening to their well-being. Different people consider stress differently. This could depend on their way of interpretation or the degree in which they are affected. Some people define stress as events that cause them to feel tension, pressure or negative emotions such as anxiety and anger. While others view stress as the response to these situations. This response spans from physiological and emotional to behavioral changes. Some medical scientist see stress as a process involving individual interpretation and response to a threatening event.

Stress can have neutral, positive or negative effects on you. Stress is a natural protective mechanism that your body uses to adapt to tougher circumstances. It signals danger and prepares you to take defensive action. Fear of things that pose realistic threats provoke you to fight (deal with them) or flight (avoid them). Stress also motivates you to achieve and fuels creativity. On the other hand, stress may affect your efficiency of performing a difficult task. Moderate stress seems to improve your motivation and performance on less complex tasks. But mismanage stress, expose you to both physical illness, such as heart disease, and mental illness, such as anxiety disorders. For realization of dreams and achievement of daily target you must remain healthy and live, to make them come through. The field of health psychology focuses partly on how stress affects bodily functioning and on how you can use stress management techniques to prevent or minimize disease.

Classes of stressors

Stressors (circumstances that cause stress) vary in severity and duration. In certain situations, individuals may respond differently to the same event. That is, what is a stressor for one person may not be stressful for another. For an event or situation to be a stressor for a person, the individual must consider the situation as threatening and lack the coping resources to deal with it effectively. Stressors may be classified into three general categories: catastrophic events, major life changes, daily harasses and common internal factors.

Catastrophic events:

A catastrophe is a sudden, often life-threatening disaster that places you at your outer limits of coping capability. Catastrophes include natural disasters, such as:

1. Earthquakes

2. Tornadoes

3. Fires out break

4. Floods

5. Hurricanes

6. Wars,

7. Torture,

8 Automobile accidents,

9. Physical attacks,

10. And sexual assaults.

Victims of catastrophes often continue to have affected mental health long after the event has ended. For instance, most of the survivors of concentration camps in World War 2 continued to experience nightmares and other symptoms of severe emotional problems long after their release from the camps.

Major life changes:

Major life changes could be the most stressful events for adults, these include:

1. death of a spouse or family member,

2. Divorce

3. Marriage separation

4. Jail term

5. Death of a close relative

6. New marriage

7. Being fired from job

8. Marriage reconciliation

9. Retirement

10. major personal disability or illness occasionally.

Obvious positive events can have stressful components. For example, when I assumed the post of a manager I receive a higher salary and greater prestige, but I also was stressed by supervising coworkers who were once peers

Daily Hassles:

Majority of the stress in our lives results from having to deal with daily hassles pertaining to our jobs, personal relationships, and everyday living circumstances. Daily hassles may include:

1. Living in a noisy environment

2. Unavoidably faced with heavy traffic to work,

3. Working with a disliked fellow,

4. Worrying about owing money,

5. Waiting in a long line,

6. And misplacing or losing your belonging.

Individually, these hassles may have negligible irritants, but over time, they can cumulatively cause significant stress. The amount of exposure that you have to daily hassles, is strongly related to your daily mood. Generally, the greater your exposure is to hassles, the worse is your mood.

Common internal factors:

All of the stressor explained earlier have external source. It is not every stress that is caused by external factors. Stress can also be self-generated, which include:

1. Inability to accept uncertainty

2. Pessimism

3. Negative self-talk

4. Unrealistic expectations

5. Perfectionism

6. Lack of assertiveness

Studies conducted in countries around the world demonstrate that people can actually work themselves to death. Factors such as workplace stress and long hours duties contribute to the risk of death from overwork. A good understanding of stress and its consequences aids you to avoid pitfalls that lead to health conditions that result from it.


Source by Christian Izeh

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